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January 18, 2022
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News & Information
3 January 2022

Isolation and Quarantine Guidance for COVID-19

Isolation and Quarantine Guidance for COVID-19

The Oregon Health Authority Updates Isolation and Quarantine Guidance Per the CDC

The Oregon Health Authority has adopted the new isolation and quarantine guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In announcing the change to a 5-day isolation period, the CDC has cited that the majority of SARS-CoV-2 transmission occurs early in the course of the illness, generally in 1 to 2 days prior to the onset of symptoms and 2 to 3 days after the onset of symptoms. Various studies pre-dating the emergence of the Omicron variant indicated an infectious period ranging from 3 to 9 days after symptom onset.

It is important to know that just because the new isolation and quarantine guidance is shorter, this does not mean on day 6 you are not contagious. You can still be contagious past day 5 and can still spread the virus to other people. Please continue to wear a well fitted mask to help reduce the spread of COVID-19 and not be around other people who are immune compromised until you have fully recovered.

If You Test Positive for COVID-19 (Isolate)

  • Regardless of your vaccination status, you will need to stay home for 5 days after the onset of symptoms and until 24 hours after the fever is gone, without the use of medication, and symptoms are improving. Continue to wear a mask around others for 5 additional days.
  • If you have no symptoms, you will need to stay home for 5 days after the collection date of the test and continue to wear a mask around others for 5 additional days.
    • If an asymptomatic person develops symptoms before the end of their initial isolation period, the 5-day isolation period should restart.
  • If you continue to have a fever, stay home until your fever resolves.

If You Were Exposed to Someone with COVID-19 (Quarantine)

  • If you have received your booster dose or completed the primary series of Pfizer or Moderna vaccine within the last 6 months or completed the primary series of J&J vaccine within the last two months:
    • Wear a mask around others for 10 days
    • Get a COVID-19 test on day 5
    • If you develop symptoms, get a test and stay home.
  • If you completed the primary series of Pfizer or Moderna vaccine and it has been over 6 months ago and did not get the booster doss, or completed the primary series of J&J over 2 months ago and did not get the booster dose, or are unvaccinated:
    • Stay home for 5 days from the last exposure and continue to wear a mask around others for an additional 5 days.
    • If you cannot quarantine, you must wear a mask around others for 10 days following your last exposure.
    • Get a COVID-19 test on day 5.
    • If you develop symptoms, get a test and stay home.

If You Test Positive, Tell Your Close Contacts Right Away.

Call, email, or text close contacts as soon as possible. Timing matters! The sooner you let them know, the sooner they can take action to stop the spread.

Answer Calls or Texts from Jackson County Public Health, if They Reach Out to You

  • A public health worker doing case investigation may call you if you test positive. These workers help slow the spread of the virus by finding out who you may have infected and keeping them from spreading the virus to others.
  • All information you share will be kept private and is not shared with the federal government, ICE, or your landlord.
  • Health workers will not ask for Social Security numbers, bank information, or credit cards. What to expect if a public health worker calls you.

Resources for Staying Home

Call 2-1-1 if you need support for isolation or quarantine. 2-1-1 will connect you to organizations that can help with resources you may need (groceries, financial support, help with rent, other essentials). There is also a document at the bottom of this article for local resources that can help.

Take Care of Yourself

It is important to take care of yourself and prevent spreading the virus to others.

It is important to know when to seek emergency medical care for COVID-19, especially when the hospital system’s capacity may be limited due to the increase in COVID-19 hospitalizations.

If someone is showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion
  • Inability to wake or stay awake
  • Pale, gray, or blue colored skin, lips, or nail beds, depending on skin tone

This list is not all possible symptoms. Please call your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you. Call 911 or call ahead to your local emergency facility: notify the operator that you are seeking care for someone who has or may have COVID-19.

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