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Jackson County Health & Human Services
140 S. Holly Street • Medford, Oregon 97501

October 18, 2019
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Public Health

Animal Bites

Animal Bites: Reporting and Rabies

All mammal bites to humans need to be reported within one local public health authority working day. All reports should be made using the Jackson County Animal Bite Reporting Form.  Click on the link to access the form. These reports enable Jackson County Public Health and Animal Services staff to conduct their investigation.

If you have questions regarding rabies post-exposure prophylaxis, refer to the algorithm at OHA Rabies Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Algorithm Form. Noteworthy in this algorithm is that any bite from a bat or fox is of significant concern, as are unprovoked* bites from other animals.

Jackson County Public Health and Animal Services staff are available 24/7 to answer questions or concerns about animal bites via our after-hours line, 541-618-4651.

Keeping companion animals, such as dogs and cats, vaccinated against rabies helps to protect their humans.

Our goal is not only to prevent human rabies but to avoid unwarranted rabies post-exposure prophylaxis.  Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have questions or concerns about a bite.  Aside from consultative services, we can facilitate testing animals for rabies, which may negate the need for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis.

 

*"Unprovoked" implies that in the context of the situation there was no obvious alternative motivation for the animal to bite. A good history is essential. In practice, unprovoked bites are quite rare. Examples of provocation would include being hit by a car, being handled, fed, or caged; being cornered in a garage; having a jogger run past your yard; or crowding animal's space, etc