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November 21, 2017
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Public Health

STD Awareness & Information
Get yourself tested!

Increase in Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have dramatically increased over the last few years and have reached record high levels in the United States. In the United States during 2015, there were more than 1.5 million cases of chlamydia, nearly 400,000 cases of gonorrhea, and 24,000 cases of primary and secondary syphilis cases.1 The largest increase in reported STD cases between 2014 to 2015 occurred in primary and secondary syphilis (19 percent), followed by gonorrhea (13 percent) and chlamydia (6 percent), according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.1



Jackson County, Oregon has also seen increases in chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis over the past four years. Preliminary data show that in 2016, Jackson County saw the highest number of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and primary and secondary syphilis (early syphilis) cases. 

Tips to Prevent Getting an STD

The good news is that STDs are preventable.  There are steps you can take to keep yourself and your partner(s) healthy:

  • Practice Abstinence: The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have sex (i.e., anal, vaginal, or oral)
  • Have Fewer Partners: Reducing your number of sex partners can decrease your risk for STDs. It is still important that you and your partner get tested, and that you share your test results with one another.
  • Mutual Monogamy: This means you agree to be sexually active with only one person, who has agreed to be sexually active with only you.  Being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner is one of the most reliable ways to avoid STDs. But you must both be certain you are not infected with STDs. It is important to have an open and honest conversation with your partner.
  • condomUse Condoms: Correct and consistent use of the male latex condom is highly effective in reducing STD transmission. Use a condom every time you have anal, vaginal, or oral sex. If you have latex allergies, synthetic non-latex condoms can be used. But it is important to note that these condoms have higher breakage rates than latex condoms. Natural membrane condoms are not recommended for STD prevention. Know your CONDOM DOs & DON'Ts. The Right Way to Use a Male Condom.
  • Talk with Your Partner: Talk with your sex partner(s) about STDs and staying safe before having sex. It might be uncomfortable to start the conversation, but protecting your health is your responsibility.
STD Testing

Many STDs don’t have symptoms, but they can still cause health problems. Getting an STD is not the end! Many STDs are curable and all are treatable. If either you or your partner is infected with an STD that can be cured, both of you need to start treatment immediately to avoid getting re-infected. Find a STD testing site near you!

Screening recommendations:

  • All adults and adolescents from ages 13 to 64 should be tested at least once for HIV.
  • Annual chlamydia screening of all sexually active women younger than 25 years, as well as older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.
  • Annual gonorrhea screening for all sexually active women younger than 25 years, as well as older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.
  • Syphilis, HIV, chlamydia, and hepatitis B screening for all pregnant women, and gonorrhea screening for at-risk pregnant women starting early in pregnancy, with repeat testing as needed, to protect the health of mothers and their infants.
  • Screening at least once a year for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea for all sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM who have multiple or anonymous partners should be screened more frequently for STDs (e.g., at 3-to-6 month intervals).
  • Sexually active gay and bisexual men may benefit from more frequent HIV testing (e.g., every 3 to 6 months).
  • Anyone who has unsafe sex or shares injection drug equipment should get tested for HIV at least once a year.

Jackson County Public Health offers confidential STD testing and treatment. This means that no one will be given information about your visit except for you. Please call 541-774-8209 to schedule an appointment for STD testing or if you have question about the cost of services. You can also visit the Jackson County STD Clinic webpage.

You can also make an appointment with your healthcare provider, or a provider of your choice to receive testing and treatment.

STD in Jackson County, Oregon

Increase in Chlamydia Cases
Chlamydia Cases

Increase in Gonorrhea Cases
Gonorrhea Cases

Increase in Syphilis Cases
Syphilis Cases

REFERENCES
1. Centers for Disease Control. CDC fact sheet-Reported STDS in the United States 2015 national data for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis.https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/docs/factsheets/std-trends-508.pdf. October 2015.