What is Direct Housing?
- FEMA Direct Housing solutions are designed to provide a temporary bridge to a long-term housing solution. They are not permanent dwellings. Options may include repurposing existing buildings or bringing in transportable temporary housing units (TTHU, aka FEMA trailers). Prior to providing a Direct Housing solution, all reasonable alternatives are explored.
- To be eligible, wildfire survivors must register with FEMA. Eligibility will be determined after survivors apply for assistance.
- Damage must be to the primary residence and must be a result of the wildfires.
- If rental assistance or minor repair money enables a household to return home, survivors may not be eligible for Direct Housing.
- Survivors’ continued eligibility for direct housing assistance will be evaluated regularly during occupancy.
- Applicants with access and functional needs will be prioritized for accessible transportable temporary housing units.
- Implementing Direct Temporary Housing solutions for all eligible families will take time. FEMA is working as quickly as possible with state and local partners to help house survivors in each community.
- Temporary Housing Units can be used for up to 18 months from the date of the disaster declaration (September 15, 2020 through March 15, 2022) while survivors continue to work toward their long-term housing strategy.
- The state and FEMA are coordinating with municipalities and counties regarding requirements of local ordinances, zoning, transportation requirements, occupancy inspections, setbacks and more. The state and FEMA are also coordinating the temporary housing effort with floodplain managers, environmental regulators, historic preservation officers, utility providers and other authorities identified by the state or municipalities. During a housing mission, federal contractors are managed and monitored by FEMA inspectors. Contractors must adhere to all applicable laws, codes and requirements.
Besides Direct Housing, there are other types of FEMA housing assistance.
For more information, download the document below.